You can discuss the following points:

  • According to the article, an ethical market is one in which there would be no exploitation of people.
  • The market would be restricted to a certain geopolitical area
  • Only citizens from that area could be involved in the sale and purchase of organs
  • There can only be one buyer who would buy all organs and distribute them in a fair manner
  • This buyer could potentially be a government agency or organisation such as the NHS
  • However, there is a possibility of a black market where organs are sold illegally for profits
  • This black market can result in the exploitation of people who are in desperate need of money
  • This black market would be the opposite of the ethical market discussed in the article
  • Steps must be taken in order to prevent direct sales of organs
  • The example of the US shows that there is a shortage of organs
  • The government can play a big part in ensuring that the supply of organs increases and the number of donors also increases
  • Policies can be formulated, for example, the ‘opt-out’ law instead of ‘opt-in’
  • It is important for the organ donor and the organ receiver to know what complications they may have after the donation
  • This way, they can make informed decisions and choose whether they should go ahead with the donation
  • Individuals should have the right to sell their organs if that is what they wish to do but only after having consulted with a doctor about any complications that can occur during transplant and after the transplant