Our intense medical researches and studies have enabled us to provide treatments which defy nature and have increased our life expectancy. This ‘revolution’ in medicine has changed our lifestyles and cause us to look at life and death from a different perspective.

These researches have not only allowed us to treat diseases but to also prevent them. Immunisation techniques are used to prevent people from being infected to dangerous diseases such as malaria or typhoid. These diseases were responsible for countless deaths before their vaccines were introduced. Other than this, the introduction of chemotherapy has cured many cancer patients. Even though cancer at its most dangerous level is not  curable yet, we can still manage to save patients who have cancer at an early stage.

However, there are many negatives associated with longevity. Longevity is causing an imbalance between birth rate and death rate, resulting in overpopulation which is an unwanted situation. This overpopulation puts pressure on the limited resources that we have such as land and water. The trend of famines, droughts and poor quality of life is increasing in many parts of the world today. This also puts pressure on the government to provide free treatments for the increasing number of people suffering from medical conditions. Some may argue that the ageing population, which is a result of longevity, may also be seen as a burden on medical resources.

Attitudes towards life and death have also changed drastically after the ‘revolution’. People are now more ensured that they will be able to recover if their medical condition deteriorates. The trend for carrying out dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping is increasing. Such activities may have been deemed ridiculous hundreds of years ago.

On the other hand, other may argue that longevity has not really shaken the foundations of societies. Our fears of falling fatally ill still exists even though we have treatments and vaccines. We still view death as something unwanted and scary. Longevity has not changed our normal behaviour and way of life. We still need basic necessities such as food and water to survive.
People in third world countries still suffer from many problems so we cannot definitely say that their attitudes have changed towards life and death like people from first world countries.