Carboxylic acids are not hydrocarbons as they contain an two oxygen atoms.
They have the functional group ‘-COOH‘ in their molecule.
They are also unsaturated as they contain a ‘C = O’ bond in their molecule.
They have the general formula: CnH₂n₊₁COOH
If (n = 3), the compound would be:
C₃H₂₍₃₎₊₁COOH = C₃H₇COOH
Every carboxylic acid’s name ends in ‘-oic acid’.
An acid’s prefix always changes according the number of carbon atoms present in the compound.
Some common Carboxylic Acids:
|Name of the Alcohol||No. of Carbon atoms||Formula|